Hajj Rulings

7 students

Shariah Rulings pertaining to the Ḥajj ritual

This course aims at comprehensively going through the rulings of the ḥajj ceremony in a module-based manner (see below). The fiqhī (jurisprudential) rulings of two religious authorities – ayatullah Sistani and ayatullah Khamenei – will be covered. Detailed materials will be provided inshallah and participants may pose their questions concerning each lecture, only to be answered the following week. The course will take a logical step-to-step approach allowing people to complete their knowledge of the required rulings, thus preparing oneself for Ḥajj or Umrah.

This course will inshallah prove invaluable for community educators – who can maximally prepare community members before the journey – as well as all those who are planning to perform the pilgrimage. The course will last for two months, covering anything between 10 to 20 hours. The first lecture may be accessed for free in order to gain a taste in relation to the content.

Start of course: Sunday 17th May, 2020

Cost: $75

The format which is to be followed is as follows:

1.0 Introduction
1.1 Accomplishing the rituals for oneself or others?
1.2 Miscellaneous issues pertaining to monetary affairs
1.3 Can ‘excused people’ act as deputy for others?

2.0 The Umrah Tamattu’
2.1 Iḥrām
2.1.1 Performing the Iḥrām ritual inside the Shajarah Mosque
2.1.2 The Iḥrām Ritual
2.1.3 Miscellaneous points pertaining to the men’s garment code
2.1.4 The Intention
2.1.5 The Talbiyah Proclamation
2.1.6 The duty of the menstruant (ḥā’id) at the mīqāt
2.2 The Twenty-Four Prohibitions during the Iḥrām period
2.2.1 Hunting and matters pertaining to it
2.2.2 Intercourse and sexual pleasures
2.2.3 Carrying out a woman’s marriage contract for oneself or for others
2.2.4 Ejaculation
2.2.5 Use of Aromatic things
2.2.6 Wearing sewn garments
2.2.7 Applying Sormeh (Natural Eyeliner)
2.2.8 Looking into a mirror
2.2.9 Wearing over the foot, in its entirety (for men only)
2.2.10 Specifically assigned vices
2.2.11 Arguing (jidāl)
2.2.12 Killing parasites residing on the body
2.2.13 Wearing rings
2.2.14 Jewellery (for women only)
2.2.15 Rubbing oil onto the body
2.2.16 Excision of hair from one’s own body or that of others – be they muḥrim or not
2.2.17 Covering of the head, albeit partially (for men only)
2.2.18 Covering of the face (for women only)
2.2.19 Positioning oneself in the shade (for men only)
2.2.20 Letting blood out of the body
2.2.21 Cutting nails
2.2.22 Extracting teeth
2.2.23 Uprooting of plants/trees (aberuncating) within the holy sanctuary
2.2.24 Carrying weapons

3.0 The Tawāf
3.1 Condition no.1 – the intention
3.2 Condition no.2 – state of purification (tahārah)
3.2.1 What is the protocol for the pilgrim that breaks wind during the tawāf?
3.2.2 What is the female muḥrim’s duty were ḥayd to arise during the tawāf?
3.2.3 Jurisprudential Principle pertaining to the tawāf
3.2.4 Miscellaneous matters pertaining to doubts concerning the tawāf
3.3 Condition no.3 – being purified from najāsah
3.4 Condition no.4 – circumcision (for men only)
3.5 Condition no.5 – covering one’s genitalia
3.6 Miscellaneous points pertaining to the tawāf
3.7 Miscellaneous matters pertaining to the acquisition of doubts during and after one’s tawāf

4.0 The ṣalāt of tawāf
4.1 Where must one be positioned for the ṣalāt of tawāf?
4.2 Miscellaneous points pertaining to the ṣalāt of tawāf
4.3 Specific and exceptional rulings of ṭawāf and its ṣalāt for specific groups of people

5.0 The Sa’y ritual
5.1 General principles pertaining to the sa’y ritual
5.2 Use of wheelchairs during the sa’y ritual
5.3 Miscellaneous questions pertaining to the sa’y
5.4 Forgetfulness, ignorance, inadvertence and doubts during the sa’y ritual

6.0 The Taqṣīr ritual
6.1 Interim period between the end of the umrah tamattu and the realisation of the iḥrām of the ḥajj tamattu
6.2 The Ḥajj Tamattu ritual: 13 components
6.2.1 Iḥrām in Mecca before leaving off for ‘Arafāt (18km2 area of land, East of Mecca, located outside the holy sanctuary)
6.2.2 Parking in ‘Arafāt on the 9th day of Thil-ḥijjah, from ẓuhr to maghrib Two forms of parking, at ‘Arafāt, exist
6.2.3 Staying overnight (baytūtah – from maghrib to the following daybreak) during the eve of the 10th day and parking (from daybreak to sunrise) during the early hours of 10th day Three forms of parking in Mash’ar Miscellaneous Point
6.2.4 Ramy (stone-throwing) at the ‘Aqabah wall, in Mina, on the10th day (during the daytime hours) Ruling pertaining to the extended ‘satanic’ wall versus the original stone column Executing the stone-throwing ritual during the night
6.2.5 Qurbānī (slaughtering) – (this follows from 6.2.4) The Qurbānī trinity
6.2.6 cutting/shaving off hair (taqṣīr/ḥalq) – this follows from 6.2.5 — all prohibitions are reversed save two at this point (prohibitions no.2 & no.5)
6.2.7 Ṭawāf al-ziyārah – can be done after 6.2.6 or later
6.2.8 Ṣalāt of ṭawāf al-ziyārah
6.2.9 Sa’y
6.2.10 Ṭawāf al-nisā’
6.2.11 Ṣalāt of ṭawāf al-nisā’
6.2.12 Staying overnight (baytūtah) in Mina (during the eves of 11th and 12th)
6.2.13 Ramy of the three walls, during the 11th and 12th day. The manner of compensating for the stone-throwing ritual

7.0 Section on common rulings pertaining to women
7.1 Duties of the mustaḥādah in relation to cleansing her body (vagina) and clothes for purposes of ṭawāf and the ṣalāt of tawāf
7.1.1 Classification of the Mustaḥādah: introduction
7.2 Duties of the Excessive Mustaḥādah in relation to ghusl and wudu for the ṭawāf and ṣalāt of tawāf
7.3 Duties of the Moderate Mustaḥādah in relation to ghusl and wudu for the ṭawāf and ṣalāt of tawāf
7.4 Duties of the Slight Mustaḥādah in relation to ghusl and wudu for the ṭawāf and ṣalāt of tawāf
7.5 Miscellaneous questions and answers concerning istiḥāḍah and menopause

8.0 Frequently Asked Questions

Appendix A